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Apr 17, 2021 | 12:34 pm 7526 0

Tips on Daytime vs. Nighttime Coyote Hunting

Tips on Daytime vs. Nighttime Coyote Hunting

The coyote is an extremely cautious and intelligent animal that has excellent individual and collective hunting skills. Even cases of true "tactical thinking" are known, when the pack divides into two parts - one part corrals, the other part prepares for an ambush. Coyotes can be in a pack (from 2-3 heads to a couple of dozen) or be a loner. In the latter case, it is not necessarily a sick or weak animal. Rather, on the contrary, a strong male did not share something with the pack leader. The coyote's sense of smell and hearing is simply amazing. This animal can hear sound cues, in the best conditions, at a distance of up to 9000 yards, is able to distinguish up to 200 million smells.

Coyote overpopulation also leads to a decline in ungulate populations, as well as attacks on rural livestock. Coyote hunting can be nocturnal or daytime. Depending on the version chosen, the hunter will need different equipment and different skills. So we've compiled tips and secrets for "day - vs. night coyote hunting."

Spotting the animal 
First, you have to find the coyote, distinguish it, and track it down. It is foolish to go hunting without first determining the habitat. It is important to understand if there is a pack in the area if there are cubs and females. During hunting, it is important not to damage the ecosystem and not to pass from noble hunting to disgusting poaching in excitement. That means you need to identify and track your prey.


Coyote hunting is difficult because the inexperienced hunter does not always know how to distinguish between coyote and dog tracks, and confuses fresh and old coyote tracks. It must be remembered that the tracks of young coyotes are smaller than those of old and seasoned predators, and equal to those of dogs. A coyote's footprint is always large, while a coyote’s step is smaller and more flattened on the sides. Compared to a dog, a coyote's paw print is more relieved with a clearly visible heel, toe, and claw impressions, and a coyote’s footprint is more straightforward. Coyotes move in a goose-step pattern, with the one behind always treading on the footprints of the coyote ahead of them. That's why coyotes always have trampled footprints, with numerous coyote claw prints, in places where they move.
Watch for birds. Scavenger birds such as vultures, crows and others circling over one spot can indicate that a corpse is there. Perhaps the coyote is there eating its prey, and the birds are waiting in line. It may help to find the prey during the day.


You check the habitat of the beast during the day, and only then go on a night hunt. Here you have already started the game. Here's a little tip: Coyotes are predators and naturally they hunt other animals. Usually, they are small animals, as well as elk, deer, and roe deer. So if you want to find a coyote, look for its prey. Find and follow a herd or group of herbivores. Keep your distance and don't let yourself be detected so you don't scare them off. There's a good chance that after a while you'll find coyotes nearby that have come to hunt.


This is probably the most important of the parameters of your equipment when you go hunting. No, of course, you can trust your instincts and not improve your vision. Many professional hunters even say that their intuition does not fail them under any circumstances. However, do you remember what kind of animal you're going to hunt? We're not talking about ducks, but the coyote. This predator has a great advantage over man - his senses. That means nothing but optics!


The best solution for hunting coyotes in the daytime is a combination of "thermal imaging observation device" + "day scope" mounted on the gun. The former is used to find the target; there is no need to raise the gun every time. (For example, the AGM Taipan TM25 thermal imaging monocular. With the latest versions of the software, this device produces a very clear and "three-dimensional" picture, easily allowing you to identify a coyote or other animal quickly). Thermal imaging is useful during the day as it gives you a temperature difference, unlike night vision, which is only useful in the dark. 


If you plan to hunt at night, choose night vision devices that can give you the longest viewing range. The AGM WOLVERINE PRO-6 3AW1, for example, gives excellent magnification, enough to detect such a specific target. In addition, the sight has a simple argument: this is a laser rangefinder, which provides readings immediately on the display. This is very important for deciding on the moment of the shot because it is difficult to estimate the real distance to the target in the dark.
The sight, or any other variant of night optics, should be light enough, because you have to be in a static position for a long time, waiting for the shot.

The Call

Coyotes communicate with each other by howling. Coyotes use howling to communicate over long distances, to find out where their pack members are, to gather the pack before and after a hunt, to announce the capture of prey, to warn rivals from other packs to take over territory, and to look for the opposite sex. Learn to howl like a coyote and the prey will come to you.


Learning to call coyotes takes a lot of practice. When you call, do it from an elevated position, this not only increases your visibility but also disperses your scent, it will be harder for the beast to smell you. Be careful, the calling sounds you make can attract not only coyotes but also other equally dangerous predators, keep your weapon at the ready. After you have made coyote calling noises, wait half an hour or an hour. It's important not to call too often because too frequent a calling howl can make coyotes wary or even scare them away.


A coyote hunts at night. Don't forget that night is the time when the animal is hungry and just as ferocious  as you are. Decide to hunt with a coyote call at night - take a partner with you. Don't rely on the fact that you can make a coyote call, instantly draw your gun, take aim and make the shot. And in all that, don't scare off your prey. How to do it at night: the person making the sound is at a certain distance (100-200 yards) from the hunter. The hunter with the night vision device is focused on the supposed place of the coyote's appearance. When the beast appears, it will be focused on the person making the sound, and this will give the hunter an advantage to aim and hit the target.
Still, don't forget that coyotes are primarily nocturnal animals. Hunters wait for them to return home from their forays and go hunting just before dawn. Coyotes are much braver at night than during the day. While you hardly ever see them near camp during the day, after sunset a pack may very well set up right next to you. Have a great game!

You can find more about hunting with night vision devices here:
Night hunting with a bow
Hunting with Night Vision. Is it Legal?
Tips For Night Hunting Effectively
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