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Jun 06, 2022 | 11:52 am 380 0

The best snipers in history


The best snipers in history

Humanity has survived thanks to several essential qualities. Some are unique, such as our brains. Some are widely distributed among other representatives of the animal world. For example, our relentless desire for competition, struggle, and constant race. Thanks to this unique combination of qualities, we have become who we are, taking the top of the food pyramid

The desire to compete is perhaps the primary motivator for each of us. Our whole life is an endless race - from birth to death. And, no: you were lied to in kindergarten. There is only one winner. One for every race, every race, every raid, and every challenge.

“Here is every winner” or “Victory is not the main thing, the main thing is participation” - all these phrases are attempts to calm the losers and everyone who did not enter the playoffs. Because there is always one winner, he will go down in history, and it is he who will be leveled by all the following participants in the endless race.

As Willie Beamen said in Oliver Stone's masterpiece Any Given Sunday, "No one remembers who came second in the Olympics." This is a cruel but actual truth. It is not in vain that we honor athletes so much because, in sports, it is straightforward to determine who is who, thanks to statistics that do not lie. Tom Brady is the best quarterback in history. Try to argue that fact, and all your arguments are shattered by a monolith of statistics and his seven rings for winning the Super Bowl. What can you say to this? Who can be more relaxed than a guy who has more SB wins than any other team, more than even the Pittsburgh Steelers? And you can think of a long list of quarterbacks: Johnny Unitas, Bart Starr, Terry Bradshaw, Joe Montana, Steve Young, Brett Favre, Peyton Manning, and Drew Brees. We can continue this list for a long time, but the seven rings will always be the key argument.

What kind of sport do not take - the picture will be identical. The NBA will always be associated with Michael Jordan. MLB and Babe Ruth would always be synonyms. Alex Ovechkin may set one record after another in the NHL, but he will never replace Wayne Gretzky in the pantheon of hockey gods. This is true in sports and other areas of our lives. Statistics and indicators are less reliable and relevant. But, where individualism is most essential and personal achievement exemplary, you will always find the best of the best.

There are no other more individual professionals in the art of war than the sniper. Even though modern shooters usually work in pairs, that single shot is made by one person, ready to accept all the consequences and all responsibility for it. On the other hand, he takes all the glory and admiration for his filigree skill and accuracy. These are the people we want to talk about today, those who, in modern remote, high-tech warfare conditions, keep the enemies of democracy at bay, such as ISIS terrorists or Russian Nazis, preventing them from relaxing even in their trenches.

How to become a modern sniper?

In the modern army, the profession of a sniper is not just a military position - it is a calling. To call yourself that one desire is not enough. The requirements are very high and depend on personal and professional qualities like no other specialization.

To enter the elite of the US Army, you must meet several requirements, some of which are very specific. You must have a perfect personal file and track record. Without it, the path to the sniper training school in Fort Benning, Georgia, will be closed to you. In addition to an ideal personal file, you will need a testimonial and a recommendation from your commander. If you have all this, then the bureaucratic stage has been passed, and you must meet the high demands of a physical nature. One of the most critical factors is perfect vision. Any visual impairment, such as color blindness or loss of visual acuity in certain weather conditions will block your path to the profession. 20/20 - nothing less.

Such requirements are not just a whim of the army leadership. The ideal physical shape will significantly help you both in training and in passing the standards, not to mention the performance of combat missions in the future. Challenges are waiting for you, compared to which scouting combine and challenging drills in the NFL will seem like entertainment for the evening—running, rope climbing, cross-country, heavyweight work, and our favorite, the challenge of running upstairs with a load comparable to your weight.

Such requirements are not just a whim of the army leadership. The ideal physical shape will significantly help you both in training and in passing the standards, not to mention the performance of combat missions in the future. Challenges are waiting for you, compared to which scouting combine and challenging drills in the NFL will seem like entertainment for the evening—running, rope climbing, cross-country, heavyweight work, and our favorite, the challenge of running upstairs with a load comparable to your weight.

It is pretty logical that now all the demands seem justified. Endurance that allows you to go without water and food for a long time, independence from tobacco and alcohol, resistance to cold and quick thinking - in our case, these are not superpowers and not an advantage. This is something without which you will not survive on the path to training in snipers. And is it worth specifying that you must be an expert shooter from an M16A1 / M16A2 automatic rifle?

Surprisingly, such an important position did not have systemic training algorithms until 1975. Instead, there were algorithms and training methodology. They just were not used in peacetime. Schools of snipers were formed during the period of active hostilities. As you understand, this is not a very effective and deliberate policy. Therefore, for almost 50 years, scout sniper schools have been operating in nearly every division. With a training period of eleven weeks, the standard school is capable of training 120 specialists per year. What are they actively doing? With modern military doctrine, this is another recognition of the incredibly high role of the sniper in the war.

As we have already pointed out, applicants must meet incredibly high qualification criteria. But, during training, it will not be easier for them. Even if we talk about the number of shot rounds, their number will be huge. But this is not the biggest problem, as future snipers shoot from various positions and distances. There are more than a thousand rounds on multiple targets, no closer than three hundred yards with daily qualifying shooting. And after, they are waiting for the final exam, which deserves a separate article.

But, do not forget that shooting is not the main task of a sniper. Although it sounds paradoxical, snipers are primarily scouts, survivalists, tacticians, and resourceful, multifunctional soldiers. Therefore, most forced learning takes up the lessons of ... everything. Work with a partner, interact with electronics and radio stations, camouflage on the ground and methods of movement, medical care, meteorology. At the end of the training, the sniper is a living military encyclopedia.

But, before the end of the training, students are waiting for the exam, which begins with the "hell week." During these five days, the instructors concluded all the subjects and areas that the soldier was taught. And, in the end, finish.

The best of the best.

As you can see, becoming a sniper is already a feat. Anyone who performs military tasks in the role of a sniper can genuinely be proud of himself and rank himself among the modern army elite. But even among such superhumans, some stand out. First among equals, the best of the best. Our story today is about them.

We will consider only the twentieth century and the present, but this does not mean that there were no fighters worthy of mention before that. History has preserved their names, and you can read about some of them in our article US Army sniper equipment https://www.agmglobalvision.com/us-army-sniper-equipment

Timothy Murphy sniper

The best snipers of WWI.

William "Billy" Edward Sing.

The Great War was a turning point in military history. We can safely say that at that moment, there were many revolutions of various sizes that completely changed the appearance of subsequent wars. The appearance of the sniper on the chessboard of combat operations does not belong to this period. There were long-range shooters before, during the American Civil War, Anglo-Boer Wars, and other conflicts. But, during WWI, this specialty acquired its own ideological and tactical base. At the same time, countermeasures against snipers were developed. And at the same time, the first stars appear among the well-aimed shooters.

The Anglo-Chinese Australian rose to prominence during the Gallipoli Campaign as one of the deadliest soldiers of the entire war. His achievements are confirmed not only by orders and reports of command but also by his nicknames. William "Billy" Edward Sing was one of the first such soldiers. 'The Assassin' or 'The Murderer,' his colleagues called him, and he received the second nickname for his cold-blooded and dismissive attitude towards his goals.

Regarding the professional achievements of Billy Sing, the data is somewhat different. Much of this confusion has to do with the various methods of counting enemy soldiers killed. The elimination of the target was estimated only if the spotter confirmed the fall of the target. At the same time, the second shot was prohibited since the risk of being detected was too significant. This led to the fact that the statistical records of the regiment initially appeared confirmation of the elimination of 150 targets. Literally, a month later, Sing's achievements were revised, and he was assigned 201 kills, thanks to the addition of kills that were not confirmed according to the accepted algorithm.

The command of the talented Australian shooter said that the list of his achievements is much longer - at least 300 eliminated enemy soldiers. William "Billy" Edward Sing has become an absolute superstar. Newspapers wrote about him, not only English and Australian ones, but also American ones. Awards marked his exploits, and the name became a household name.


Later, he was transferred to the Western Front, where Billy endured several wounds and embarrassing moments involving prostitutes and led his anti-sniper unit. The counter-sniper service was dictated by the hero's health undermined by the consequences of the experienced gas attack and wounds. Very soon, he was sent to rest, precisely because of injuries.

The life of William “Billy” Edward Sing can hardly be called happy. He did not find family happiness and died alone. There were no medals and awards next to him.

Despite the ambiguity of his personality and difficult life, Billy Sing remained in his country's history and popular culture, managing to get into scandals even after his life. He went down in history as "a cold-blooded killer, but with a sense of humor." That is how one of his commanders remembered him.

Francis Pegahmagabow.

Unlike the previous hero, the life of Francis Pegahmagabow, the Canadian First Nations has developed much better.

In 1914, he volunteered for the Canadian Expeditionary Force and, despite discrimination, became a full member of the 23rd Canadian Regiment (Northern Pioneers). Francis was proud of his roots and origin, emphasizing it in every possible way and decorating his tent with national symbols, which in those days was a real feat and a challenge to the unjust policy of oppression.

Francis Pegahmagabow was a man of tremendous will, and fate did not spare him, throwing severe challenges. The description of his exploits and military path deserves a book. For example, his way as a sniper began with the Second Battle of Ypres, when German troops used combat gas for the first time on the Western Front. He took part in the most brutal battles and received injuries and awards. The fame of a scout and a shooter terrified the enemy and caused incredible admiration both from his colleagues and among the command. According to official information, this remarkable man captured 300 people and destroyed 378 enemies, using not the best Ross rifle. Due to his wounds, he went through the war to the very end and returned to Canada in 1919.

Pegahmagabow has become a significant part of the positive change in Canadian politics and public life at home, becoming an important figure in his country. The incredible life of Francis Pegahmagabow formed the basis of many books, including fiction. Monuments were erected in his honor, songs were dedicated to him, and awards were established. And how much Francis has done to develop indigenous peoples cannot be estimated.

The best snipers of WWII.

Simo Hayha.

If there was a dictionary of sniper art and you would try to find an interpretation of the word "Legend" in it, then on the corresponding page, there would be a photo of Simo Häyhä. His name is difficult to pronounce for an English-speaking person, so he can be called - "White Death." This name has become a household name, and the unsurpassed Finn himself has become a guide for every shooter for many decades.

Born into a farming family in South Karelia, Simo has been hunting with his father since childhood. His whole life and professional career admire his firmness and relentless pursuit of excellence. These skills were beneficial to him when, at the age of 17, he was drafted into the army. During the service, his talent in possession of weapons was revealed to the fullest.

But, it wouldn't be worth anything if it weren't for the character of Simo Häyhä. His diligence and determination allowed him not to give up shooting after the end of his military service and continue to improve his outstanding skills. Therefore, when Russian communists attacked the country in collaboration with Nazi Germany and Finland was forced to carry out total mobilization. White Death was already a professional shooter who brought his skills in using the Finnish modification of the Mosin rifle to perfection.

His short stature at 5 ft 3 and ability weren't his only advantage. Simo fired from a Mosin M28 rifle with open sight without using a weapon optic. This significantly broke all the counter-sniper measures of the invaders, and Finn's ability to disguise himself, combined with his small stature, turned him into a real deadly ghost, instilling primitive horror in the frozen soldiers of the infamous Red Army. The latter vilely invaded the territory of an independent state.

All this led to the fact that on account of one of the best snipers in the history of humanity during his activity, there were 542 Red Army soldiers. If you're impressed, don't rush, because that's not all. Adding to this number of invaders killed with a rifle, those whom Simo Häyhä destroyed with a Finnish Suomi M / 31 machine gun, his account will reach 705 enemies. If we continue to speak in the language of numbers, then the national hero destroyed five invaders per day. Also, it is interesting that Simo uniquely congratulated the tyrant Stalin on his birthday, setting a personal productivity record that day - 25 killed communist soldiers.

Simo Häyhä has become his brave nation's natural, authentic, and legendary hero. A simple, honest son of his homeland, who used an ordinary sheet as camouflage, entered the pantheon of national heroes, and his name is honored to this day.

The entire Red Army caught the White Death. With special groups and artillery. Everything was to no avail. Nevertheless, on March 6, 1940, an enemy sniper's bullet found him. The fighters who saved their sniper recalled that he looked terrible: a shot that hit the jaw of a bullet turned half of his face. But, Simo Häyhä survived and came to his senses on March 13, the day the war ended. The day his country defeated a vile, outnumbered enemy. And his contribution to this victory was enormous.

He lived a long and happy life, dying in 2002. He bred dogs, hunted, and remained a national hero until his death. What remains after death.

Josef 'Sepp' Allerberger.

There were many heroes in the incredible nightmare of World War II. From different sides. History judged us, but it did not erase the people on the side of evil. 'Sepp' Allerberger is perhaps the clearest example of an unexpected hero who became one against his will, trying to survive and escape. At the same time, using the example of this person, one can trace how war breaks destinies and makes people live a life that does not appeal to them.

Josef, the Wehrmacht's second-best sniper, was born in Austrian Styria into a rural family of an ordinary carpenter. He could not even imagine that life would force him to take up arms, and from childhood, he studied family business with his father. In the winter of 1943, the guy was drafted into the German army, which annexed his native Austria. Like many people from the mountainous regions, he was assigned to a mountain division, where he mastered the profession of a machine gunner. After completing a six-month course, the Austrian ended up in the Donbas region of communist-occupied Ukraine, where there were bloody battles. It was there that he encountered the terrible, relentless face of war.

According to the memoirs of Allerberger himself, he experienced five days that turned his whole life upside down, and he realized how much he did not want to die. And, for a machine gunner, this was a truly impossible task since everyone was hunting for such fighters: from enemy snipers to artillery. At that time, he clearly understood that it was necessary to change military specialization. Otherwise, he would not live to see the end of this nightmare. Having received a slight wound in the arm, Sepp was able to change his specialty.

After completing a crash course in sniper training, Josef began to fulfill his functions on the battlefield. Starting as a carpenter and a weapon parts repairer, he soon proved to be a natural shooter. Moreover, it is known that he used the Soviet Mosin-Nagant rifle for the first nine months. Even with this problematic weapon, he showed incredible results, which looked fantastic even against the backdrop of a strange system for counting targets destroyed. For this, he was sent to shooters' courses in Germany.

After completing the course, Allerberger returned to the front and began using a Mauser 98k sniper modification with a 4x optical sight and expansive bullets and a Gewehr 43 semi-automatic rifle. This further improved his results, bringing him fame. Propaganda made him a recognizable and famous face. Therefore, after the defeat of Germany, Allerberger realized that if he were captured by the fighters of the communist army, known for their bestial cruelty, knowing how many Russians he had killed, his end would be terrible. Therefore, he wandered for two weeks in the alpine forests to enter the zone of occupation of civilized allies.

He lived until 2010, working as a carpenter. His memoirs have become a vivid testimony to the horrors of war and, at the same time, an excellent textbook for snipers. On his account, there were 257 killed opponents.

Tung Chih Yeh.

A fierce war was going on not only on the European continent. In terms of cruelty and bloodshed, the Second Sino-Japanese War was not inferior to the clashes in Europe and Africa. This war also had its heroes and legends. One of these was the Chinese Sergeant Tung Chih Yeh, who killed over 100 soldiers of the Imperial Japanese Army. Moreover, he did this using the Type Chiang Kai-shek rifle with and without an optical sight.

Matthäus Hetzenauer.

Together with our previous hero, the leader in the number of kills among Wehrmacht snipers, Matthäus Hetzenauer, also served. He had 345 confirmed kills to his credit.


The life of this native of the Austrian Tyrol was much more tragic than his countryman and colleague. Unlike Josef 'Sepp' Allerberger, he was captured by Soviet troops and spent five years in communist camps. After returning home, he suffered all his life from the consequences of military wounds and died in 2002.

Clive Hulme.

The sniper's work is dirty and cruel; this is the wrong side of the profession. But, as cynical as it sounds, goals have different values. It is one thing to kill an ordinary soldier and quite another to eliminate a senior officer or an enemy sniper. The price of victory is too different, especially if the hunt is for a hunter like you: dangerous, cunning, deadly.

The New Zealand shooter Clive Hulme, who destroyed 33 German snipers during the Battle of Crete, can tell the most about such confrontations. This achievement allowed him to enter the pantheon of legendary specialists of all time.

His military path is like an incredible cinematic action movie. After the forced evacuation, he oversaw the punished soldiers of the disciplinary battalion. When German troops landed on the island, Clive took over the functions of defense commander, distributed weapons to the convicts, and went to destroy the enemy. He personally single-handedly tracked down and destroyed snipers. He took away weapons and camouflage from one of them, which allowed him to mislead the enemy and increase productivity. The sniper rifle was not the only weapon. Strictly speaking, Clive Hulme was a weapon himself. He destroyed the Germans with bayonets, threw grenades at their positions, and killed them with ordinary small arms. He avenged his brother, who was killed on the same island. He inspired and inspired faith in his soldiers. Rambo is just a dull bully compared to this superhuman. You can believe it.

Despite many wounds, this hero was eager to fight and achieved a service return. True, he already served in the rear because the war greatly spoiled his health.

The wounds made themselves felt all his life until he died in 1982. But, this did not prevent him from diving and leading an active lifestyle. He achieved fame and recognition in motorsport, winning numerous races and becoming the Formula One World Champion in 1967. He has something to be proud of, both as a soldier and husband and father. His son was as brave as his father.

Korean War. Vietnam War.

The Second World War brought many heroes to the sniper business. We did not mention all of them. In particular, we did not mention the snipers of the Red Army. We have no doubt that in the country's army, which at first was an ally of Nazi Germany, and then filled with the corpses of its soldiers, there were heroes and high-class snipers. But, knowing how the communists felt about statistics and manipulation, we decided not to include Soviet snipers in our list so, as the USSR saw lies as its primary goal, including creating imaginary heroes.

After World War II, humanity did not learn its lesson. And in a couple of years, the Korean War begins, in which the USSR will once again show its ugly face, and Marshal Zhukov will finally convince the world of his failure as a commander and commander.

One of the most famous military episodes in history took place in this war. His hero was World War II veteran Ian Robertson, who managed to destroy 30 enemies one morning. This is a fantastic achievement because not every shooter has achieved such a result in their entire career, even after going through the war.

The inglorious Vietnam War, despite its tragedy, gave the United States many legendary heroes. One of which is Gunnery Sergeant Carlos Hathcock.

It's hard to believe, but since childhood, the man has won shooting competitions and was a born sniper. He began his journey in Vietnam with the military police. Only then did he retrain as a sniper. And what a sniper! Officially, on account of his 93 confirmed murders, although Hathcock himself called the figure in 200-300 people. And, in this case, his words do not look like boasting. Indirect proof of his effectiveness is the incredible $30,000 bounty placed on his head by the Vietnamese. The Viet Cong offered between $8 and $2,000 for snipers.

This brave man brought absolute terror to the enemies. With a telescopic-scoped .50 caliber M2 Browning heavy machine gun, he set the record for a 2,500 yd effective shot. This record lasted 35 years—however, more on that below. Carlos Hathcock himself had such an exciting business trip in Vietnam that it is simply impossible to believe that this happened to one person in a single lifetime and that it happened. His biography is so dizzying that we will not deprive ourselves of the pleasure of studying it carefully in our separate article about this legendary man.

Against the background of such a crazy military career, against the backdrop of Hathcock, other heroes of Vietnam are lost. For example, Chuck Mawhinney had 103 confirmed and 216 unconfirmed kills. Or Adelbert F. Waldron III, who killed 109 enemy soldiers.

Modern times. Sniper range records.

Modern times have brought us an endless series of conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan. It was here that the technologies of the modern army and new paradigms of war developed. Since 2002, a long process of setting more and more new records for the range of target destruction began. This was facilitated by both technological progress and the general systematization and unification of military paradigms. The development of weapon optics should also not be underestimated. Thanks to the combination of these factors, the army received such excellent results that it was impossible to think about at the time when Carlos Hathcock wrote his name into history.

The Hathcock name fell in 2002 when Canadian Master Corporal Arron Perry, formerly of the PPCLI, did the impossible and killed a target 2,526 yd away using a .50 caliber (12.7 mm) McMillan TAC-50 rifle. In the same year, using the same weapon, a booming shot was made at a distance of 2,657 yds. Its author was also a Canadian, Corporal Rob Furlong.

This record lasted a little longer until 2009 when the British Craig Harrison of the Household Cavalry destroyed a machine gun crew of two Taliban with two shots after firing nine sighting shots. With the third shot, he disabled the machine gun. He used an L115A3 Long Range Rifle rifle chambered in .338 Lapua Magnum. The bullet traveled 2,707 yds and had an elevation of 140 yards.


But the story didn't end there either. In 2017, a shot was fired from a high-rise building in an Iraqi city, killing an ISIS terrorist 3,871 yd away. This shot is considered to be the farthest recorded so far. It was produced by the officially unnamed Canadian Army Joint Task Force 2 sniper using a McMillan Tac-50 sniper rifle. But, we will reveal a little secret: the sniper's call sign is Wali, and today he returned to the war as a volunteer. But, now, he is helping Ukraine fight other terrorists and Nazis - Russia, which has invaded the territory of a free independent European country. Therefore, there is a possibility that he will use his incredible experience to update his record.

Modern times. Sniper productivity.

As we have already said, the change in the algorithm of warfare did not affect the need for troops in snipers. Arrows were in demand in all modern wars. They destroyed terrorists and continue to do so today. Today it is neither the East nor Africa. Today it is the heart of Europe, where the terrorist country Russia has provided many excellent targets for Ukrainian Armed Forces professionals and battalions of foreign volunteers. Many of them have invaluable military experience in Iraq and Afghanistan. And many of them are not inferior to the worthy shooters below.

First on our list of heroes is the legendary man who was made into the fantastic film U.S. Navy Chief Chris Kyle of SEAL Team Three. The most productive sniper in the history of the US Army. On his account - 255 enemy soldiers. The Pentagon confirmed 160. In addition to incredible statistics, Chris Kyle had an excellent combat biography. What is the Second Battle of Fallujah worth, during which he eliminated 40 enemy fighters? Devil of Rahmadi - that's what the terrorists called him and put up a $20,000 reward. This man is worthy of every one of his awards, and we strongly advise you to watch a film about his life.

Surely, someday they will make a film about the U.S. Army Staff Sergeant Timothy L. Kellner. This warrior has everything ahead of him, as he is active today, and his list already consists of 78 eliminated targets in Iraq and Haiti.

The sniper is a monolithic alloy of virtues that every soldier does not possess. High intelligence, physical data, psychological stability, analytical skills, and the ability to predict and improvise. This is an incomplete list of ingredients that each of today's heroes possesses
.

There is no doubt that snipers will remain on the battlefield, even if drones and robots fight the entire war. Even if they don't have to shoot, it's just that such multifaceted, flexible, and talented people increase the chances of their army winning by their very presence.


We will supplement and expand this article because we know that new heroes are just waiting in the wings. Unfortunately, their hour will come as long as it is evil in this world.

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