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Optical sights are actively used in the military and civil spheres. They help to cope with various tasks, from hunting animals to conducting combat operations. To control the sight and adjust it to changing conditions, you need to be able to use turret systems. They are equipped with all modern optics models, regardless of dimensions, characteristics, and purpose.
No optical sight is imaginable without turrets. They are small cylindrical items located on the sight's side and the top surface. These structural elements may have different sizes, but their purpose will remain identical in all cases.
The main task of turrets is the zeroing of optics. In addition, they will be helpful during the sighting, helping to correct the position of the reticle. Such actions give a chance to make changes depending on the current external conditions, achieving the maximum accuracy of shooting.
There are many turrets, each of which is used to achieve specific goals. All of them differ from each other in configuration, purpose, as well as method of operation. The most popular classification of products is their division according to external features. It helps to group the turrets into four different groups.
Turrets used in scopes can adjust the position of the reticle in milliradians (MIL) or minutes of angle (MOA). Both units of measurement are standard, so there has long been a debate among shooters about which one is better to choose. To determine this, you should study both options, looking for their advantages and disadvantages.
A slight angle is a unit of measurement that changes depending on the object's distance. One MOA is equal to 1 inch at 100 yards. This correspondence makes the setup process as simple as possible. You do not need to use a calculator or carry out complex mathematical calculations on paper. An alternative to MOA are milliradians. They are a thousandth of a radian and are about 3.6 inches at 100 yards. The approximate value complicates adjusting the optics. Still, measuring with an accuracy of 0.1 gives a chance to achieve a minor step of the changes being made.
In most cases, MIL is used in scopes designed for military purposes. This is due to the ability to fine-tune the optics necessary when performing critical tasks. In addition, milliradians are convenient to use in cases where it is needed to measure the dimensions of an object observed with the help of optics—convenient MIL and, if necessary, taking into account distance compensation. The main disadvantage of milliradians is the difficulty with calculations. However, this negative point will become invisible after a few weeks of practice. In this case, the positive aspects will be visible, much more significant than those of MOA.
For civilians, it is best to use a minute of angle turrets. This unit of measure allows you to quickly make calculations, which is essential for most hobbyists and shooters just getting acquainted with optics. In addition, MOA is found in scopes designed for shooting at short and medium distances. The main disadvantage of such a unit of measure is the error arising from the adjustment step 1 (for MIL 0.1).
The choice of one of the two options depends solely on the needs of the user and his personal preferences. For the military, solving complex combat missions, and people performing responsible tasks (for example, law enforcement officers), the MIL should be used. At the same time, the MOA will be an ideal option for ordinary users who use sights for hunting, sports, entertainment, and self-defense.
Turrets are essential controls for any scope. They allow you to perform various tasks, from zeroing to adjusting optics settings. There are many types of such turrets. Each of them has its characteristics and specific advantages and disadvantages. Having studied this information, it will be possible to use turrets and maximize their life correctly.
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