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The unstable situation in the world and the imperial ambitions of some leaders of states lead to many military conflicts. Both sides use various night vision devices (NVDs), which help to gain an advantage over the enemy during combat operations at night. Often, such optics becomes a critical success factor and allows you to win modern wars even against initially stronger armies.
The entire history of NVDs is inextricably linked with military affairs. The first models of these devices appeared at the beginning of World War II with the German army. With their help, it was possible to identify equipment and soldiers in the dark, making it possible to carry out military operations after sunset. These devices were as simple as possible and sometimes provided the desired result. They only a few times increased the available light, making it possible to consider the outlines of objects without any additional details. Their massive size and weight made the optics inconvenient to use. Also, the fragility of various structural information was considered a disadvantage of such NVDs.
After the end of the war, the Americans began work on the modernization of optics. They took German NVDs as a basis, improved them, and introduced entirely new devices. This optic was much more compact and lightweight. Its functionality has also expanded, and many characteristics have improved. The following two decades were spent perfecting American NVDs. The work resulted in the emergence of better devices that could be used during military operations. The presence of these models was kept secret for a long time, so only military personnel knew about them. NVDs were first tested in action during the Vietnam War. American soldiers used them to detect enemies hiding in the dark, dense thickets. The results met all expectations, which gave devices of this type a chance for further modernization.
NVDs, which are still used today, appeared in the 70s of the last century. This optics was a real breakthrough, opening up new opportunities for military personnel. Now the soldiers of different armies could carry out successful operations at any time of the day without fear of the darkness hiding the enemies. These devices have become very convenient to use. They have been significantly reduced in size and turned into more functional optics that can work effectively even with a minimum of available light. The following decades were spent improving the performance of NVDs to improve the quality of the resulting image.
In the early 90s, night optics became the basis for the success of any military operation. A striking example of this is the "Desert Storm," during which most soldiers had the opportunity to use modern NVDs. These devices achieved the desired results, so their popularity increased as quickly as possible. In the following years, night optics became indispensable to soldiers' equipment in most world armies. At the beginning of the 21st century, new generation devices appeared. They have become even more advanced and multifunctional, enabling military personnel to receive more helpful information about the enemy. This increased the efficiency of night operations and maximized the likelihood of their successful completion. Today, the evolution of military NVDs continues. Released devices are becoming more convenient and able to form the most detailed image.
For military use, NVDs are suitable with specific characteristics and functionality. Also, when choosing devices, some essential features characteristic only of the highest quality optics are considered.
Features of military NVDs:
Any NVDs can be used in modern warfare. Each of them will be useful under certain circumstances and help the soldiers complete the tasks assigned by the command. Among the most popular options are classic NVDs and thermal imaging optics. The first option is a priority in cases where it is possible to use natural light emitted by celestial bodies, and the second – is in the absence of lighting. The choice of one of them also depends on the tasks assigned to the military unit. Thermal imaging devices are suitable for assessing the capabilities of the enemy army, and classic NVDs are ideal for accurately identifying various objects (for example, to determine the types of equipment available to the enemy).
All manufactured models of night optics are divided into four generations. Only two of them are suitable for use in modern warfare. Devices from the Gen III category will be helpful when carrying out work of minimum and medium complexity. Using Gen IV models (the code name for Gen III + devices) to perform more complex and responsible tasks is better. They have improved performance characteristics and have a more comprehensive functionality, which makes them as versatile as possible.
Popular types of military NVDs:
Nowadays, any military action is unimaginable without NVDs. These devices achieve various purposes, from the simplest to the most complex. Most of them are only possible with high-quality modern optics.
Options for using NVDs in war:
All military NVDs have many advantages over models available to civilians. This makes them as helpful as possible during various operations. Such optics also has one significant drawback that everyone needs to know about.
Various NVDs play a crucial role in modern warfare. They make it possible to carry out successful operations in the dark, thereby complicating the tasks of the enemy as much as possible. The optics used by the military differ slightly from those available to civilians. It is of higher quality, multifunctional, and easy to use. With its help, soldiers from different armies of the world gain an advantage in the war and tilt the situation in their favor.
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